Cooked in a rich broth to a melt-in-your-mouth texture, Taiwanese Lu Rou Fan is a heavenly scrumptious way to enjoy pork in an all-in-one rice bowl dish.
If you’re a regular reader of my blog, you may have noticed Chinese’s love for pork belly. There’re many classic dishes featuring this flavourful cut of meat: Red-braised Pork (红烧肉), Twice-cooked Pork (回锅肉), Hunan Pork Stir-fry (湖南小炒肉), Chinese Pork Burger (肉夹馍), etc. Today’s recipe Lu Rou Fan/卤肉饭 (Taiwanese pork rice bowl) shows you yet another way to enjoy it (as delicious as the others if not better).
A type of all-in-one rice bowl dish (known as Gai Fan/盖饭 in Chinese), Lu Rou Fan consists of braised fatty pork, hard-boiled eggs (flavoured in the meat broth), steamed rice and blanched veggies. Pork belly, the star component of the dish, is richly seasoned, cooked to an almost gelatinous texture and coated with a layer of sticky broth. Simply irresistible!
Here is all that you need for cooking Lu Rou Fan:
- Pork belly with skin on, cut into strips
- Shallots (or red onion), thinly sliced, plus oil for frying
- Shiitake mushrooms, rehydrated and diced
- Garlic, minced
- Rock sugar (or regular sugar)
- Light & dark soy sauce
- Shaoxing rice wine (skip for an alcohol-free version)
- Chinese five-spice powder & white pepper
- Green vegetable
🛎 Can I use other cuts of pork? Obviously, this isn’t a healthy diet choice but an indulgent dish. So I don’t recommend you replace pork belly with other cuts or another type of meat.
It takes about one and a half hour to prepare and cook this dish (It may seem long but it’s totally worth the effort!). Before we go into details on each step, here is a summary of the workflow.
- Fry sliced shallots in oil until crispy (skip this step if using shop-bought version). Cook hard-boiled eggs over another burner at the same time.
- Fry pork belly strips (without oil) until slightly golden then add aromatics, seasonings, fried shallots, shiitake mushroom, eggs and water. Leave to simmer until tender.
- While waiting, cook rice and blanch green vegetable of your choice. Assemble the bowl once the pork is done.
Step 1: make crispy shallots
Crispy shallots (fried shallots, 油葱酥) are an essential (and magical) ingredient for Lu Rou Fan. They add an oniony taste and aromatic sweetness making the dish different from other types of Chinese style braised pork, such as the classic Hong Shao Rou (Red braised pork belly, 红烧肉). They also help to thicken the consistency of the broth.
Although shop-bought crispy shallots are available in most Chinese/Asian shops, I highly recommend you make your own if time permits. Believe me! It tastes so much better.
Heat up neutral cooking oil in a wok/pan then put in thinly sliced shallots (or red onion). The quantity of oil should be enough to allow the shallots to float.
Fry over medium heat and remove from heat as soon as the shallots brown (overcooking would result in a bitter taste). Drain through a sieve. Set aside the fried shallots for later use.
🛎 What to do with the leftover oil? It’s not going to be wasted for sure! Use it like the classic Scallion Oil (Cong You/葱油) which can be enjoyed in so many delicious ways (Shanghai Scallion Oil Noodles is a great example).
🛎 Cook eggs at the same time. It took me about 7 minutes to fry the shallots. If you have another burner available, I suggest you cook some hard-boiled eggs during this time. You’ll need them in the next step.
Step 2: cook the pork
Put the pork strips into an empty wok/pan over medium-high heat (you don’t need any oil). Stir occasionally to evenly heat the meat. You’ll see it changing colour and some oil appearing. So what you’re doing is actually frying the meat with its own fat.
Once the pork gets golden slightly, add minced garlic and rock sugar (or white sugar). Fry until the garlic becomes fragrant and the sugar is melted.
Add the rest of the ingredients: light soy sauce, dark soy sauce, Shaoxing rice wine, five-spice powder, white pepper, diced shiitake mushroom, hard-boiled eggs and fried shallots (I like keeping some to use as a topping when assembling the dish).
To add more aroma to the dish, I use the water in which the mushrooms were soaked as the braising liquid. Top up with more water if necessary to fully immerse the meat.
Once it comes to a full boil. Cover with a lid and turn down the heat to low. Leave to simmer for at least 1 hour until the pork becomes very tender and a little gelatinous.
🛎 Use other cookware. The braising part can be done in a stovetop pressure cooker, an instant pot or a slow cooker. Adjust time accordingly.
🛎 Reduce the broth. If there is still a lot of liquid left when the pork is fully cooked, turn the heat to high and boil uncovered to reduce its volume and thicken. However, do not dry it out as it’s nice to serve a little thick broth over the rice.
Step 3: assemble the bowl
While you wait for the pork to cook, prepare another two elements of Lu Rou Fan: steamed rice and blanched green vegetable, such as Bok Choy, Choy Sum, Gai Lan, broccoli, etc.
Blanching vegetables is easy: bring a pot of water, with a little salt, to a full boil then add the vegetable (already washed and chopped). For leafy greens, it only takes 30 seconds or so to cook. Broccoli needs a little longer time. The goal is to cook it but retain its crunchiness. Overcooked vegetables often taste chewy or mushy which isn’t very pleasurable.
Put cooked rice into serving bowls then top with the vegetable. Use a knife (or a string) to halve the eggs. Add them and the pork over the rice. Sprinkle some leftover crispy shallots. Here you are! An all-in-one, scrumptious meal is ready to be served.
🛎 Make in advance. Since this dish takes some time to cook, I highly recommend you cook a large batch of pork and freeze the leftover for future use. Simply increase the ingredient quantity proportionally and lengthen the cooking time accordingly.
Lu Rou Fan (Taiwanese Pork Rice Bowl, 卤肉饭)
For the crispy shallots (skip if using shop-bought version)
- 250 ml neutral cooking oil, about 1 cup
- 140 g shallots (or red onion), thinly sliced, about 5oz
For the pork
- 450 g pork belly, skin on
- 5 cloves garlic, minced
- 20 g rock sugar (or 1 tablespoon white sugar)
- 2 tablespoon light soy sauce
- 1 tablespoon dark soy sauce
- 2 tablespoon Shaoxing rice wine
- ½ teaspoon Chinese five-spice powder
- ¼ teaspoon ground white pepper
- 5 shiitake mushrooms, rehydrated and diced
- 4 hard-boiled eggs
You also need
- 4 portions plain cooked rice
- Blanched green vegetable, see note 1
Fry the shallots
- Heat up oil over medium heat. Add sliced shallots. Fry until they become golden and crispy.
- Drain through a sieve. Set the shallots aside for later use. The oil can be used in other dishes (see note 2 to learn how).
Fry the pork
- Cut pork belly into strips. Put into an empty wok (without oil) over medium-high heat. Fry until the fat has been extracted and the meat browns slightly.
- Stir in garlic and rock sugar. Fry until fragrant and the sugar has melted.
Braise the pork
- Add light soy sauce, dark soy sauce, Shaoxing rice wine, five-spice powder, white pepper, diced shiitake mushroom, fried shallots (leave some for topping) and hard-boiled eggs.
- Pour in the water in which the mushrooms were soaked. Top up with more water to immerse the meat completely.
- Bring it to a full boil. Turn the heat down to the lowest. Cover with the lid and leave to simmer for at least 1 hour until the pork becomes very tender (check the water level halfway through and top up if it seems too dry). This step can be done in a stovetop pressure cooker or an instant pot. Adjust time accordingly.
- If there is still quite a bit of liquid left, turn the heat to high and cook uncovered to reduce its volume and thicken (Do not dry it out though as you’d need some liquid to serve with the meat).
Assemble the dish
- Put freshly cooked rice in serving bowls. Top with blanched vegetable and halved eggs. Then spoon the pork, along with some thickened broth, over the rice. Add the rest of the fried shallots. Serve immediately.
Make in advance
- Once the pork cools completely, store in an airtight container and keep in the fridge for up to three day or two months in the freezer.
- Reheat over low heat (defrost first if frozen) until piping hot. If necessary, add a little water to help to heat the pork thoroughly.