Shaoxing rice wine (绍兴酒)

Shaoxing rice wine is commonly used in Chinese cuisine. It’s essential for preparing meat or fish, either in stir-fry or in braising dishes.

Shaoxing (Shaohsing) rice wine (绍兴酒) is a type of yellow wine (黄酒) used in Chinese cuisine. It was originally produced in Shaoxing, a city in Eastern China’s Zhejiang province. It’s also a popular drink, served cold or warm (often cooked with dried plum, dried tangerine, rock sugar, etc.).

As its name suggests, Shaoxing rice wine is fermented from rice, glutinous rice precisely. Glutinous rice doesn’t contain gluten, the term “glutinous” refers to the sticky texture when the rice is cooked. However, it is worth noting that there is also a small amount of wheat in Shaoxing rice wine. So, it’s not gluten-free. The alcohol percentage is around 14.

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Shaoxing rice wine is an amber-coloured clear liquid. It has a mixed aroma and taste. For those who are unfamiliar with it, Shaoxing rice wine doesn’t smell much like alcohol. Some think it has a very particular taste: vinegary, spicy and caramel-like.

Playing an important role in Chinese cuisine, Shaoxing rice wine is commonly used for everyday cooking. It’s essential for preparing meat or fish, either in stir-fry or in braising dishes. It eliminates the unpleasant smell of raw meat (or fish) and adds an aromatic, rich flavour to dishes. In most cases, you only need a few spoons of rice wine, but for certain dishes, such as Drunken Chicken, Drunken shrimp and Red-cooked Pork Belly, you need to use a much larger volume of rice wine to create the desired taste.

If only a small amount of rice wine is called for in a recipe, you may replace it with dry sherry. Sometimes, especially for fish and other sea foods, white wine can also be used as a substitute.

Shaoxing rice wine is available in Chinese (or Asian) shops, and in some British mainstream supermarkets as well. The one I normally use is made by a Taiwanese company. It has a very good reputation.

9 thoughts

  1. How about plum wine as a substitute for Shaoxing rice wine? I’ve never tasted plum wine, so I have no idea whether it’s at all similar. Thanks for your help.

    1. I guess you mean Korean Maesil-ju by plum wine. I don’t think it’s a suitable substitute as it’s pretty fruity and sweet, very different from Shaoxing rice wine. If a recipe calls for a very small amount of Shaoxing rice wine, please feel free to skip it.

    2. try an sherry or marsala wine if it is just a small amount and you can’t find Shaoxing. I think that would be better than leaving it out. It’s like a sweeze of lemon with a dash of sugar and salt. It adds to the mouth feel.

      1. and for no alcohol, try a mild balsamic vinegar.. It really depends on your preference in flavor. I think the dash of acid is good.

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